India is all set to achieve a significant milestone in its space exploration journey as the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) prepares to launch its first second-generation navigation satellite on May 29th. This remarkable feat will be accomplished through the utilization of the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) rocket, a renowned workhorse of the ISRO.
An exciting breakthrough in this upcoming mission is the inclusion of an indigenous atomic clock within the navigation satellite, named NVS-01. The introduction of this advanced atomic clock technology showcases India’s growing self-reliance in the field of space exploration. With a total weight of 2,232 kg, the NVS-01 navigation satellite is scheduled to take off at 10.42 a.m. from the second launch pad located in the Sriharikota rocket port, situated in the coastal region of Andhra Pradesh.
Following its launch, the GSLV-F12 rocket will transport the NVS-01 satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). From there, the satellite will undergo further maneuvers, facilitated by its onboard motors, to reach its designated orbit. The NVS-01 satellite represents the first in a series of second-generation satellites that will contribute to the Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) services.
The NVS series of satellites is designed to bolster and augment the NavIC system by incorporating enhanced features. One notable addition is the utilization of L1 band signals, expanding the range of services offered. Notably, ISRO had previously relied on imported atomic clocks for all nine of its previously launched navigation satellites, with each satellite equipped with three atomic clocks. However, the failure of the clocks in the first satellite, IRNSS-1A, prompted a shift towards the development of indigenous atomic clock technology.
The atomic clocks play a crucial role in providing accurate time and location data, ensuring precise navigation capabilities. The transition to indigenous atomic clocks represents a significant stride towards self-sufficiency for India’s navigation satellite system. The success of the NavIC satellites has been notable, although issues with certain atomic clocks had been identified earlier. The ISRO is continually working to address and rectify any shortcomings to ensure optimal performance.
In essence, the NavIC, previously known as the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), bears similarities to other global navigation systems such as the GPS (Global Positioning System) of the United States, Russia’s Glonass, Europe’s Galileo, and China’s Beidou. By establishing its own indigenous navigation satellite system, India aims to enhance its strategic autonomy, bolster national security, and provide reliable and accurate navigation services to a wide range of sectors.
What is ISRO?
Situated in the vibrant city of Bengaluru, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) stands as a beacon of scientific brilliance and technological prowess. Nestled within the verdant landscape of India’s Silicon Valley, ISRO has propelled the nation’s space program to soaring heights, captivating the imagination of the world with its awe-inspiring achievements.
Founded in 1969, ISRO has grown from humble beginnings to become a globally recognized space agency. Its headquarters, nestled within the verdant surroundings of the city’s high-tech hub, exemplify the spirit of innovation and intellectual curiosity that permeate the organization. With state-of-the-art facilities and a dedicated team of scientists, engineers, and researchers, ISRO embarks on bold missions that push the boundaries of human knowledge and exploration.
Located in Bengaluru, the capital city of the southern state of Karnataka, ISRO benefits from a thriving ecosystem of technological advancements and intellectual synergy. The city’s rich blend of academic institutions, research centers, and technological startups nurtures a culture of innovation that fuels ISRO’s relentless pursuit of scientific excellence.
Beyond its physical location, ISRO’s impact extends far beyond the borders of Bengaluru. With each successful mission, whether it be launching satellites into orbit, exploring the mysteries of the cosmos, or enabling crucial applications in communication, navigation, and remote sensing, ISRO has cemented its place as a global leader in space technology.
ISRO’s legacy is one of trailblazing achievements, including landmark missions like Chandrayaan-1, India’s first lunar probe, and the Mars Orbiter Mission, affectionately known as the Mangalyaan, which marked India’s maiden voyage to the Red Planet. These extraordinary accomplishments have earned ISRO a well-deserved reputation for precision, reliability, and groundbreaking innovation.
In the pursuit of its vision to harness space technology for national development while pursuing scientific research, ISRO continues to captivate the world with its audacious goals and unwavering dedication. With its headquarters nestled in Bengaluru, the beating heart of India’s technological prowess, ISRO continues to inspire, transform, and propel India’s space exploration endeavors to new frontiers.