Requirements & Features of Big Data Analytics

Big Data Analytics is a set of ideas and strategies for organizing, storing, and analyzing data when traditional data processing software will not be able to manage the amount of expensive, per recording applications, complicated or inappropriate for judicial use.

Therefore, the concept and characteristics of big data analysis usually mean ways to organize, store and analyze big data in other ways compared to traditional databases (SQL). There are many best definitions of Big Data. Some define it through the characteristics of Big Data and others define it through the tools and concepts of Big Data. Therefore, this article answers the following questions about the concepts and characteristics of big data collection:

  • What are the main concepts of Big Data?
  • What are the typical characteristics of Big Data solutions?

Characteristics of big data

5V is known as big data:


Organizations collect data from various sources including IoT (Internet of Things) devices, transactions, video, images, audio, social media, etc. In the past, big data storage was expensive, but it has become more affordable thanks to the introduction of technologies like data lakes and Hadoop.


With the continuous growth of IoT, businesses are generating large amounts of data at high speeds that require fast management. RFID tags, sensors, and smart meters drive the need to manage streams of real-time data.


Variables refer to structured, structured, and unstructured data. Data in the form of emails, photos, videos, audio, PDFs, devices and more poses a huge challenge for security, analysis, and research.


In addition to speed and dynamic data formats, data streams are constantly changing and unpredictable. Analyzing and managing daily, seasonal, and event-triggered data loads are critical to business.


This concept refers to the quality of data. Because data comes from so many different sources, it is difficult to clean, transform, match, and integrate data across systems. Connect and coordinate relationships, statuses, and information linkages to ensure robust data quality.

What is the concept of Big Data?

There are also big Big Data Analytics software concepts, landscapes, and combinations of tools, addressing scalability, different functions, and monolithic software.

A large cluster of data

Big Data software concepts are designed to run on clusters with multiple nodes. Clusters of large data processing or storage devices are designed to be redundant and provide scalability to gain performance or storage almost linearly as new nodes are added.

Eliminate CAP objectives

Science says that when a system is built, we can focus on two of the following characteristics:


Each reading receives the most recent text or error


Each request receives an (error-free) response, with no guarantee that it contains the latest input


The system continues to work regardless of the number of arbitrary messages dropped (or delayed) by the network between nodes.

How does Big Data Analytics work?

Big data analysis involves the collection, cleaning, processing, and analysis of large data sets to gain valuable insights.

Define strategy

Big data planning helps to manage and improve the acquisition, storage, management, distribution, and analysis of data inside and outside the organization. It is important to create a solid business plan that takes into account current and future business goals. It calls for treating Big Data as a valuable business rather than a product from an application.

Identify data sources

Identify data sources such as IoT, social media, web, databases, etc. IoT devices such as wearables, smart cars, medical devices, and industrial equipment generate large amounts of data

Social media data from interactions with Facebook, Youtube, Instagram, Snapchat, and others. It includes large amounts of data in the form of images, videos, sounds, text, and voice. The structured or unstructured nature of this information poses unique challenges for storage, consumption, and analysis.

Public data from open data sources such as the European Union Open Data Portal, data pools, cloud sources, customers, and suppliers. Access, manage and store Big Data.

Today’s systems provide speed, power, and flexibility to get the most out of big data. In addition to access security, businesses need ways to integrate data, create pipelines, ensure quality, provide data governance, and prepare it for analysis. Big data is stored on-premises in traditional data warehouses or through cheaper options like data pools, pipelines, and Hadoop.


With advanced technologies such as grid computing or memory analytics, organizations can use large amounts of data for analysis. You can also take advantage of machine learning and technology

Make a wise decision

Reliable data enables better data-driven decisions that pay off in the long run. To stay competitive, leverage big data to get meaningful insights. Key requirements
Let’s take a look at the key features of big data analytics solutions.

Data processing

One of the most important features of a big data collection solution is a data structure. Data processing involves collecting and processing raw data to draw conclusions. Data modeling takes complex data sets and presents them in visual charts or graphs. This system makes it simple and easy to explain for users trying to use this data to make decisions.

Predictive tools

Identity control (or identity and access control) is a process for controlling who owns your data. It manages the data of everything that has access to the system, including individual users, computer applications, and software applications.

Identity management also deals with issues such as how users acquire privileged identities, secure those identities, and enforce other security measures such as network protocols and passwords. It determines whether a user has access to the system and the level of access the user is authorized to use.

Identity management tools aim to ensure that only authorized users can access your system and, by extension, your data. It is a critical part of any company’s security strategy and should include real-time security and fraud detection capabilities.


Big data analysis tools provide a collection of analysis in different modules. Risk assessment, for example, is the study of uncertainty in the environment in which actions are taken. It can be combined with forecasting to reduce the negative impact of future events.

Risk analysis helps employees reduce those risks by better defining and understanding their organization’s risk exposure and exposure. Decision management involves the decision-making process of managing a business. The decision management module takes decisions as input. It incorporates technology and key elements to automate this part of the decision-making process.


Another important aspect of Big Data is reporting. Reporting features keep users in control of their business. Real-time reporting gathers minute-by-minute data and brings it to you, often in the form of an intuitive dashboard. This system allows employees to make quick decisions in a time-sensitive situation and to be ready and compete in a society that changes at lightning speed.


Protecting your system is critical to the success of any business. Big data analytics tools should provide security features such as single sign-on (SSO) to enhance security. This authentication service assigns users a single login to access multiple applications. It supports end-user permissions and eliminates multiple logins during sessions. It can also record and monitor activity.

Another security feature that big data analytics platforms provide is encryption. It involves converting electronic information into an unreadable format through an algorithm or code. Although web browsers provide automatic encryption, businesses require stricter measures for sensitive and proprietary data.

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